Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital city of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, and the main administrative, financial, political, commercial and cultural center of the Venezuelan nation. It is located in the central north-Coastal zone of the country, 15 km from the coast of the Caribbean Sea and is situated within a mountainous valley at an average altitude of 900 meters above sea level.
Varied cultural offerings, green areas, monumental historic sites and emblematic modern architectures are part of the attractions that captivate those who travel to Caracas, the vibrant capital of Venezuela.
Natal House of the Liberator Simon Bolivar: the birthplace of Liberator Simon Bolivar is the starting point to begin the tour of the main tourist sites of Caracas, corresponding to the birthplace of this famous hero in 1783, who contributed to inspire and concretely decisive independence in several countries of the continent.
Currently, the house is set up as a museum, with various paintings depicting the life of Simon Bolivar, as well as invaluable pieces of the original house, personal objects, and clothing. On July 2002, the house was declared a National Monument.
Museum of Colonial Art of Caracas: this late XVIII century country house, now home to the Caracas Museum of Colonial Art, is another of Caracas’s best tourist attractions for history buffs while preserving valuable objects and items from the colonial era.
It was originally built as a country house dedicated to rest, in an environment of coffee plantations, sugar cane, and fruit trees. At the time of independence, it was visited on numerous occasions by the Liberator Simon Bolivar, who will express his desire to retire to live there. Since 1961, it functions as a museum.
Botanic Garden: the Botanical Garden is part of the University City of Caracas, housing 70 hectares, where more than 2,500 plant species coexist, and many endemic to Venezuela and others from diverse corners of the planet.
This space is one of the best tourist places in Caracas, for those who seek an educational space of contract with nature, achieving through their organization in thematic sectors, a greater knowledge of different ecosystems and typologies of plants. Examples of these educational areas are the tropical moist forest, the xerophytes garden or the orchid.
The Ávila National Park: this national park, also known as National Park Waraira Repano, is undoubtedly the most famous of the tourist sites of Caracas, preserving in its more than 80 thousand hectares, diverse ecosystems racing from 120 meters above sea level, to 2,765 meters going through arid scenarios of xerophytes vegetation to the cloud forest.
The park is also one of the most famous recreation areas of the city, allowing from long walks, bicycles tours, to gastronomic delight, in one of the famous restaurants in the small town of Galipán. Another attraction is the ascent by cable car, which runs from Caracas to Pico El Ávila.
Las Mercedes is one of the touristic areas of Caracas, where the most luxurious hotels, exclusive restaurants, designer shops, shopping malls and art galleries are concentrated. It is also an area famous for its lively nightlife, with plenty of bars and nightclubs.
The heart of the Las Mercedes is the Plaza Alfredo Sedal, where different cultural events and activities help outdoors. Another of its iconic sites is the Centro Comercial Paseo Las Mercedes, with several Shops, restaurants, a hotel, cinema and a theater.